an Act of Congress, March 3, 1893, a commission
was appointed to negotiate with the Five Tribes
for the extinguishments of their tribal title
to lands by allotment, and division of the
same among the members of the tribes. This
commission to the Five Civilized Tribes became
known as the Dawes Commission, after Senator
Henry L. Dawes, who was largely responsible
for the legislation that brought it into being.
their main task was to make an equitable division
of nearly twenty million acres of land among
more that 100,000 Indians. Several years of
negotiation and pressure on the Indians were
required to secure their assent to this proposal.
Surveys and allotments were made to permit
each Indian or Freedman to include their improvements
in the allotment.
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